To adopt it not to conform. They do not have to be synonymous, are not equals when taken out of the context and considered. To conform is to blend in, while to adapt most often means allowing for changes that may just mean sticking out like a sore thumb for now, for this generation, for this circumstance, but may also end up being the very things that save your life, or that of your species. To adapt means to roll with changing circumstances. To conform is try to ensure that circumstances don't change at all.
Fragment uit The bells of Hallgrímskirkja and what adaptation may really be about van Maria Alva Roff.